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Samogita
Samogita
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© Eglė Švedaitė
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The Samogitians were first mentioned in 1219 in the Hypatian Codex, describing the peace treaty between the Grand Dukes of Galicia-Volhynia and Lithuania, mentioning two Samogitian dukes, Erdvilas (Gerdvilas) and Vykintas. The term "Samogitia" was not widely used until the beginning of the 20th century; this region was referred to as Samogitia. Vytautas the Great explained the term Samogitia as the land geographically lower than Aukštaitija. Some linguists derive the name Samogitia from the word "žemė" (land). From the 15th century, Latin and German written sources called Samogitian land Samogitia (Samogitiae).

The current capital of Samogitia is Telšiai. Historical centers of Samogitian land include Medininkai (now Varniai), Kražiai, and Raseiniai.

The legendary parts of Samogitia, such as Hilly Samogitia, Old Samogitia, Pakuršė, and Paprūsė, distinctly differ in their nature and landscape features. The most picturesque areas include Hilly Samogitia rising between Telšiai and Šilalė, with lakes like Germantas, Lūkstas, and Biržulis nestled in the hills. In this region, higher hills like Šatrija, Medvėgalis, Girgždūtė, and Padievaitis were anciently considered sacred hills or hillforts. The ancient forests of the region are reminiscent of old times, especially in Baubliai, carefully preserved by Dionizas Poška, where huge oak trunks are scattered around.

Old Samogitia (a lower elevation area between Šiauliai and Raseiniai) is crossed by the impressive Dubysa Valley. In the north of Samogitia (Pakuršė), the land descends towards the fertile plains between Gruzdžiai and Skuodas, winding towards Latvia through Venta. In the lowlands near Viekšniai lies the vast Kamanai Marsh. The surroundings of Mosėdis are famous for boulders scattered during the Ice Age, with the most significant being the Barstyčiai Stone, the largest in Lithuania. Stones collected in the estates of V. Intas and V. Orvidas also captivate. In the west, Pakuršė descends towards the coast, reaching Kretinga and the Baltic Sea between Palanga and Šventoji, with the famous Birutė Hill and sand dunes. In the south, from Tauragė to Švėkšna and Gargždai, the Paprūsė River meanders from the Samogitian Upland along abundant rivers (from Mituva to the Jūra, Minija, and Akmena), flowing towards the Curonian Lagoon and the Baltic Sea.
© Etninės kultūros globos taryba
Points of interest
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Food
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Accomodation
924
3022
Map
Kretinga Museum Winter Garden
5.0
Botanical Objects
Kretinga Museum Winter Garden
Kryžkalnis Chapel & Partisans Memorial
4.3
Chapels
Memorial Sites
Kryžkalnis Chapel & Partisans Memorial
Lyduvėnai Railway Bridge
4.4
Railway Bridges
Lyduvėnai Railway Bridge
Mastis Lake Sight
4.2
Sights
Mastis Lake Sight
Medvėgalis Hill
4.8
Mounds
Medvėgalis Hill
Pajūris Exile Square
Memorial Sites
Pajūris Exile Square
Palanga Kurhaus
3.5
Architecture
Palanga Kurhaus
Monument to Pope John Paul II
3.0
Monuments
Monument to Pope John Paul II
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